ʻO ke koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi o nā Lasers i nā noi pale

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Ua lilo nā lasers i mea hoʻohui i nā noi pale, hāʻawi i nā mana hiki ʻole ke hoʻohālikelike i nā mea kaua kuʻuna.Hoʻopili kēia blog i ke koʻikoʻi o nā lasers i ka pale ʻana, e kahakaha ana i kā lākou versatility, precision, a me nā holomua ʻenehana i lilo ai lākou i pōhaku kihi o ka hoʻolālā kaua hou.

Hoʻolauna

ʻO ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka ʻenehana laser ua hoʻololi i nā ʻāpana he nui, e like me ke kelepona, ka lāʻau lapaʻau, a me ka pale.ʻO nā Lasers, me kā lākou mau waiwai kūʻokoʻa o ka coherence, monochromaticity, a me ka ikaika kiʻekiʻe, ua wehe i nā ana hou i nā mana koa, e hāʻawi ana i ka pololei, stealth, a me ka versatility i waiwai nui i ke kaua hou a me nā hoʻolālā pale.

Laser i ka pale

Ka pololei a me ka pololei

Kaulana ʻo Lasers no ka pololei a me ka pololei.ʻO ko lākou hiki ke nānā aku i nā pahu liʻiliʻi ma kahi mamao loa e pono ai lākou no nā noi e like me ka hoʻolālā ʻana a me ke alakaʻi missile.ʻO nā ʻōnaehana hoʻonā laser kiʻekiʻe e hōʻoia i ka hāʻawi pololei ʻana i nā munitions, e hōʻemi nui ana i ka pōʻino collateral a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā helu kūleʻa o ka misionari (Ahmed, Mohsin, & Ali, 2020).

ʻO ka Versatility ma nā ʻaoʻao āpau

ʻO ka hoʻololi ʻana o nā lasers ma waena o nā paepae like ʻole - mai nā mea paʻa lima a hiki i nā ʻōnaehana kaʻa nui - hōʻike i ko lākou versatility.Ua hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻia nā lasers i loko o nā kahua honua, naval, a me nā lewa, e lawelawe ana i nā hana he nui e like me ka reconnaissance, ka loaʻa ʻana o ka pahuhopu, a me nā mea kaua ikaika no ka hana ʻino a me ka pale.ʻO kā lākou nui paʻa a me ka hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia no nā noi kikoʻī e hana i nā lasers i koho maʻalahi no nā hana pale (Bernatskyi & Sokolovskyi, 2022).

Hoʻonui i ke kamaʻilio a me ka nānā ʻana

Hāʻawi nā ʻōnaehana kamaʻilio laser i kahi ala palekana a maikaʻi hoʻi no ka hoʻouna ʻana i ka ʻike, koʻikoʻi no nā hana koa.ʻO ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o ka intercept a me ka ʻike ʻana i nā kamaʻilio laser e hōʻoia i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻikepili i ka manawa maoli ma waena o nā ʻāpana, hoʻonui i ka ʻike kūlana a me ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana.Eia kekahi, he hana koʻikoʻi nā lasers i ka nānā ʻana a me ka reconnaissance, e hāʻawi ana i nā kiʻi kiʻi kiʻekiʻe no ka hōʻiliʻili naʻauao me ka ʻike ʻole (Liu et al., 2020).

Nā mea kaua ikaika i alakaʻi ʻia

Malia paha ʻo ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o nā lasers i ka pale ʻana e like me ke kuhikuhi ʻana i nā mea kaua ikaika (DEWs).Hiki i nā lasers ke hāʻawi aku i ka ikehu koʻikoʻi i kahi pahuhopu e hōʻino a luku paha iā ia, e hāʻawi ana i ka hiki ke paʻi pololei me ka liʻiliʻi o ka pōʻino collateral.ʻO ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana laser kiʻekiʻe no ka pale ʻana i ka missile, ka luku drone, a me ka hiki ʻole o ke kaʻa ke hōʻike i ka hiki o nā lasers ke hoʻololi i ka ʻāina o nā hana pūʻali koa.Hāʻawi kēia mau ʻōnaehana i nā pono koʻikoʻi ma mua o nā mea kaua kuʻuna, me ka wikiwiki o ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka māmā, ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa no kēlā me kēia pana, a me ka hiki ke hoʻokomo i nā pahuhopu he nui me ka pololei kiʻekiʻe (Zediker, 2022).

I nā noi pale, hoʻohana ʻia nā ʻano laser like ʻole, e lawelawe ana kēlā me kēia i nā kumu hana like ʻole e pili ana i kā lākou mau waiwai a me nā hiki.Eia kekahi o nā ʻano lasers kaulana i hoʻohana ʻia i nā noi pale:

 

Nā ʻano Laser i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke kahua pale

Nā Laser Mokuʻāina Paʻa (SSL): Ke hoʻohana nei kēia mau lasers i kahi mea waiwai paʻa paʻa, e like me ke aniani a i ʻole nā ​​mea crystalline i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā mea ʻano honua.Hoʻohana nui ʻia nā SSL no nā mea kaua laser kiʻekiʻe ma muli o ko lākou mana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, kūpono, a me ka maikaʻi o ka beam.Ke hoʻāʻo ʻia nei lākou a kau ʻia no ka pale kaua missile, ka luku ʻana i ka drone, a me nā noi mea kaua ikaika ʻē aʻe (Hecht, 2019).

Nā Laser Fiber: Hoʻohana nā laser fiber i kahi fiber optical doped ma ke ʻano he mea waiwai, e hāʻawi ana i nā pono ma ke ʻano o ka maʻalahi, ka maikaʻi o ka beam, a me ka pono.ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi no ka pale ʻana ma muli o ko lākou compactness, hilinaʻi, a me ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻokele wela.Hoʻohana ʻia nā laser fiber i nā noi koa like ʻole, me nā mea kaua ikaika i alakaʻi ʻia i ka mana kiʻekiʻe, ka hoʻolālā ʻana, a me nā ʻōnaehana countermeasure (Lazov, Teirumnieks, & Ghalot, 2021).

Nā Laser Kemika: Hoʻopuka nā laser kemikala i ke kukui laser ma o nā hopena kemika.ʻO kekahi o nā lasers kemika kaulana loa i ka pale ʻana ʻo ka Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL), i hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻōnaehana laser airborne no ka pale kaua missile.Hiki i kēia mau laser ke hoʻokō i nā pae mana kiʻekiʻe loa a maikaʻi hoʻi i nā mamao lōʻihi (Ahmed, Mohsin, & Ali, 2020).

Nā Laser Semiconductor:ʻIke ʻia hoʻi he laser diodes, he mau laser paʻa a maikaʻi hoʻi kēia i hoʻohana ʻia i ka nui o nā noi mai nā rangefinders a me nā mea hoʻolālā i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā countermeasures infrared a me nā puna puna no nā ʻōnaehana laser ʻē aʻe.ʻO kā lākou liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi a me ka maikaʻi e kūpono iā lākou no nā ʻōnaehana pale a me nā kaʻa (Neukum et al., 2022).

Nā Laseri Hoʻokuʻu ʻana i ka ʻili o ka ʻaoʻao Vertical-Cavity (VCSELs): Hoʻopuka nā VCSEL i nā kukui laser e kū pono ana i ka ʻili o kahi wafer i hana ʻia a hoʻohana ʻia i nā noi e koi ana i ka hoʻohana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me nā kumu compact form, e like me nā ʻōnaehana kamaʻilio a me nā sensor no nā noi pale (Arafin & Jung, 2019).

Nā Laser Blue:Ke ʻimi ʻia nei ka ʻenehana laser polū no nā noi pale ma muli o kāna mau hiʻohiʻona absorption i hoʻonui ʻia, hiki ke hōʻemi i ka ikehu laser i koi ʻia ma ka pahuhopu.Hana kēia i nā lasers polū i nā moho no ka pale drone a me ka pale kaua hypersonic, e hāʻawi ana i ka hiki o nā ʻōnaehana liʻiliʻi a māmā me nā hopena kūpono (Zediker, 2022).

Kuhikuhi

Ahmed, SM, Mohsin, M., & Ali, SMZ (2020).Nānā a me ka loiloi ʻenehana o ka laser a me kāna mau noi pale.ʻenehana pale.
Bernatskyi, A., & Sokolovskyi, M. (2022).Moʻolelo o ka hoʻomohala ʻenehana laser pūʻali koa i nā noi koa.Moʻolelo o ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana.
Liu, Y., Chen, J., Zhang, B., Wang, G., Zhou, Q., & Hu, H. (2020).Ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni i ka hoʻouka ʻana i ka laser a me nā lako pale.Nūpepa o Physics: Hui Hui.
Zediker, M. (2022).ʻenehana laser polū no nā noi pale.
Arafin, S., & Jung, H. (2019).ʻO ka holomua hou o nā VCSEL i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e ka uila no GaSb no nā lōʻihi hawewe ma luna o 4 μm.
Hecht, J. (2019).He hope "Star Wars"?ʻO ka hoʻowalewale o ka ikehu kuhikuhi no nā mea kaua lewa.Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
Lazov, L., Teirumnieks, E., & Ghalot, RS (2021).Nā noi o ka ʻenehana Laser i ka pūʻali koa.
Neukum, J., Friedmann, P., Hilzensauer, S., Rapp, D., Kissel, H., Gilly, J., & Kelemen, M. (2022).Nui-watt (AlGaIn)(AsSb) diode lasers ma waena o 1.9μm a me 2.3μm.

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Ka manawa hoʻouna: Feb-04-2024